Posted: 2012-09-0412:21 PM. Last Modified: 2021-11-0812:53 AM
Video Surveillance in Schools
really interesting discussion this afternoon on National Public Radio's "Talk of the Nation" about the use of video cameras in high schools...anyone have experience in this area? what have you seen that works, what doesn't? any privacy issues that you have encountered?
In Malmö we have a system that has over 370 cameras connected to a CCTV-center. We have old analog cameras that are mayby 10yers old and we have new ip cameras, we use aloot of differnt brands like Pelco, Panasonic, Sony, VideoIQ etc. This is because each school chooses which technologies they should use and need to take the lowest price by the Swedish law.
We use a WMS platform called Sphinx and we have de development here in Malmö. It is a very simple program to use for the operators.
Because they have a lot of different system in the schools the operators are interested to get an alarm when someone moves in the cameras, get video and a map. So the Sphinx do not allow the operators to see what kind of system the are connected to, they only get the information the use like map image, video and alarm management. We use a lot of video analysis as VideoIQ, Opax and Pelco analysis on the schools.
The are about 18 schools connected to the CCTV-center.
What sort of privacy issues are there for these types of installations in Sweden? In the U.S., and as described in the story, cameras are only placed in those areas where there is no expectation of privacy...hallways, entrances/exits, etc. Are there similar restrictions?
Any idea for how long recorded video is stored? Are there legal mandates or are decisions made on a school-by-school basis?
In Sweden we have huge restrictions on how we may put up cameras. At Malmö schools, they have a particular condition that is very unique where we're have cameras outside of school.
We use PTZ cameras and of course fixed, but the unique thing is that we run the analysis at the times when schools are closed. When one person moves on school grounds, etc., CCTV operators gets an alarm. It can of course be someone who plays football and then they do no action, but it would appear that they are someone who is drunk, doing damage to property or similar inappropriate things the call security guards or the police.
When they come to the laws in Sweden we have a reglement which is based on something called PUL that can be translated to the Privacy Act is based on an EU directive. We have a reglement (SSF1060) is friviligt but "smart" buyers ask these demands on us as a supplier. In SSF1060 demands on us as a supplier that we have measures on how we document systems, we have some certainty where we store the documentation and have financial stability. This means that engineers and designers are approved to SSF1060 meaning that engineers and designers have to take tests, and these tests are annually to maintain so that everything is up to date.